The Rochester Physician Workforce Task Force (Task Force), engaged CGR to conduct an analysis of the physician workforce in the six-county Rochester, NY region. The Task Force was concerned that existing data did not sufficiently measure supply nor identify the root causes of physicians leaving the Rochester area. This analysis relies primarily on self-reported physician data to evaluate the current supply of physicians by specialty, and examines factors influencing future supply such as anticipated retirement and relocation. It also examines self-reported physician practice patterns, compares physician incomes by specialty in Rochester to national averages, and identifies strategies the Task Force might use to improve recruitment and retention. The study resulted in three major areas for recommended change.